After the beeswax, Turpentine is the most important ingredient furniture polish. This is because pure gum Turpentine is the solvent that dissolves the beeswax and carries it into the grain of the wood. Any good furniture restorer or antiques expert will tell you that Beeswax furniture polish from a traditional recipe, (i.e. one with Turpentine), is the best thing for polishing bare wood. Also used as thinner for varnishes, artist oils and others.